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HOW THE AERIAL DEFENSE DIVISION PREPARES FOR WAR
Monday, September 21, 2020
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Irone Dome air defense system

.Source: U.S. Army


Irone Dome air defense system

Source: U.S. Army


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TEL AVIV -- Last week, the IAF held a "Wargame" exercise with the participation of the Aerial Defense Division commander, Brig. Gen. Ran Kochav, and the division's battalions. The exercise that takes place annually focuses on simulating war and emergency scenarios that the battalion commanders are required to manage: "Our role is to prepare for war."

The name of the exercise can be deceiving and possibly hints that it is just a simple game. However, in reality, the "Wargame" exercise held once a year simulates combat scenarios in order to implement operational plans and test current systems, or in other words - to prepare the division for an evolving enemy.

"Our goal in the current exercise is to strengthen the assimilation of the processes of systemic thinking and integrative thinking," said Col. Tamir, commander of the 168th Wing, which planned the exercise. "We live for aerial defense and strive for learning that never ends."

The current exercise simulated the fifth day of war. For the first section, each battalion simulated enemy forces for its corresponding battalion. For instance, the northern "Yahalom" (Patriot) Battalion operated to test the preparedness of the southern Patriot battalion. "The War Game exercise allows us to stay fresh and focused on intelligence, and the enemy's capabilities, as well as to evaluate our fitness," explained Lt. Col. Liran, commander of the 138th Battalion that operates the "Yahalom" weapons system. In the second section, each battalion was required to re-assess its planning based on the results of the first section.

In a Changing Reality

The exercise, which takes place once annually, is updated and adapted to meet an evolving enemy and the changing. "The Aerial Defense Division is in constant operational friction. We learn throughout the entire year, not just in training," explained Col. Tamir. "Since the aerial threats are constantly changing and developing, the 'Wargame' is different every year. The enemy's munitions change, their tactics and strategies develop, and the operational arena is dynamic. When planning for an emergency, we take into account many variables, including Covid-19."

This year's exercise was held in a different format due to the Coronavirus pandemic. In previous years, the participants gathered in a large hall, whereas this year the exercise took place on virtual platforms. "It is undoubtedly preferred to hold a 'Wargame' when participants are physically present, although we have all become accustomed to virtual conferences," stated Lt. Col. Liran. "The current exercise was effective thanks to early preparation. The difference was almost un-felt."

Ready for War

Besides division exercises, individual battalions also hold these war-simulating training exercises that focus on their readiness and the extent of their operation. "When I hold a battalion 'Wargame' exercise, I examine every battery and see if it holds up in its task successfully, as well as ensure it is familiar with the travel axis and knows how to accept munitions support," details Lt. Col. Liran. "I check all of the tactical aspects that relate to the mission, while in the division's exercise they treat the battalion as one unit."

A state of war is, of course, inherently different from the routine defense mission, in terms of the dilemmas the forces face, cooperation between battalions, and the extent of their activity. "The timing of this current exercise is important since in the soon-to-be IAF exercise we want to practice our plans on a broader level," shares Col. Tamir. "Out of necessity, we tend to focus on what's urgent. This sort of exercise allows us to focus on what is important, which is preparing for war. Our role is to prepare for the day of war, which I hope will never come," he concludes by stating the exercise was a success but explains that their mission of studying the enemy continues. "The Aerial Defense Division has three main missions - defending Israel's skies, the active defense mission, and discovering alerts. We must ensure that each one of our weapons provides an optimal and flexible response to each of these missions."

Source:  Israeli Air Force
Associated URL: Click here to visit

 
CHINESE AIR-DEFENSE SYSTEM SEEN IN OPERATION WITH KYRGYZ MILITARY
Sunday, September 20, 2020
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Kyrgyzstan imported Flying Leopard 6C

.Source: CIA


Kyrgyzstan imported Flying Leopard 6C

Source: CIA


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BISHKEK -- Kyrgyzstan appears to have acquired a Chinese short-range air-defense system.

Recent footage of the Kyrgyz military indicates that Bishkek imported the "Flying Leopard 6C," a Chinese-made mobile short-range air-defense system that can engage targets up to six kilometers away. The footage, which received attention among aviation bloggers and watchers of the post-Soviet space, shows the system's mobile radar, based on an Iveco VM90 4x4 chassis, in operation at a training exercise in Issyk-Kul region.

The Flying Leopard 6C system utilizes the QW-2 manportable air-defense system.

No further details about the Kyrgyz acquisition of the system have emerged, making it unclear when the country procured the Flying Leopard 6C.

China has steadily made in-roads in arms sales to Central Asia, alongside the development of China's domestic defense industry and Beijing's efforts to deepen trade relations with Asian and European states as part of the 'Belt and Road' economic project. Longer-range Chinese air-defense systems have entered into service with Kyrgyzstan's neighbor Uzbekistan as well as nearby Turkmenistan.

Last year, China donated a number of vehicles, including at least six Tiger 4x4 armored vehicles, to Kyrgyzstan's Ministry of Internal Affairs.

The Chinese government has sought to improve its security relationship with the states of Central Asia, despite this area having usually been the purview of Moscow, which formerly oversaw the states of Central Asia before the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. in the early 1990s.

Source:  Alert5
Associated URL: Click here to visit

 
U.S. JOINT FORCES SINK EX-USS CURTS DURING VALIANT SHIELD LIVE-FIRE EXERCISE
Friday, September 18, 2020
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.Source: US Navy


Source: US Navy


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PACIFIC OCEAN -- U.S. joint armed forces conducted a multi-platform live-fire missile exercise, Sept. 19, involving surface, air, and subsurface launched ordnance to sink the decommissioned frigate USS Curts (FFG 38) as part of exercise Valiant Shield 2020.

The sinking exercise (SINKEX) combined an orchestrated sequence of live ordnance targeting the ex-USS Curts, including air-launched ordnance from fixed and rotary wing squadrons of Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5, embarked aboard USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76), surface launched missiles from cruisers USS Antietam (CG 54) and Shiloh (CG 67), a subsurface launched missile from Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Chicago (SSN 721), as well as various supporting Navy and U.S. Air Force aircraft.

"This exercise demonstrates our ability to bring overwhelming firepower from the sea whether that comes from under the surface, on the surface, or from the air," said Capt. Steven DeMoss, commodore, Destroyer Squadron (DESRON) 15. "We have this capability in every theater across the globe and can employ these weapons at the place and time of our choosing."

Air Force assets included tanker support from KC-135s and KC-10s of the 909th Air Refueling Squadron and 9th ARS, respectively.

"The SINKEX provided unique, high end, tactical training for our air wing aviators," said Capt. Michael Rovenolt, commander, Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5. "The experience gained by our crews can only be achieved with live fire events like this one and cannot be replicated through simulated engagements. Our ordnance and maintenance teams got the satisfaction of seeing their labors produce actual results on a maritime target...very rewarding for them."

Valiant Shield is a U.S. only, biennial field training exercise (FTX) with a focus on integration of joint training in a blue-water environment among U.S. forces. This training enables real-world proficiency in sustaining joint forces through detecting, locating, tracking and engaging units at sea, in the air, on land and in cyberspace in response to a range of mission areas.

"The entire evolution showcases CVW-5’s ability to fully integrate with our joint teammates to provide ready, dynamic maritime superiority anywhere within the Pacific AOR," Rovenolt said. "Utilizing a decommissioned ship for targeting during missile exercises allows participants to take advantage of maximum-level realism in warfighting engagements. It also affords warfare commanders the opportunity to employ engagements from a myriad of available platforms that bring U.S. joint strike capabilities to bear."

This is the eighth exercise in the Valiant Shield series that began in 2006. Participants include USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) Carrier Strike Group with embarked Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5, USS Chicago (SSN 721), USS America (LHA 6), USS New Orleans (LPD 18), USS Comstock (LSD 45) and multiple surface ships -- approximately 100 aircraft and an estimated 11,000 personnel from the U.S. Navy, Air Force, Army, and Marine Corps. Valiant Shield focuses on integration of training in a blue-water environment to enable real-world proficiency in sustaining joint forces through detecting, locating, tracking, and engaging units at sea, in the air, on land, and cyberspace in response to a range of mission areas.

Source:  U.S. Navy
Associated URL: Click here to visit
Author: MC1 Gregory Juday 

 

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