ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - Work has started on Pakistan's latest nuclear power project, the Karachi Coastal Power Project. The new plant will have a total installed capacity of 2,200 MW divided between two third-generation nuclear power reactors developed by the Chinese as the "Advanced China Pressurised ACP-1000." These two reactors will be designated Kanupp-II and Kanupp-III and will be located near the existing Kanupp-I, about 25 miles west of Karachi.
Nuclear Reactors Supply Needed Energy
Pakistan's Energy Security Plan 2005-2030, envisages that a total of seven plants, each of about 1,000MWe, will be constructed by 2030 achieving a cumulative installed capacity of 8,800MW. Currently, nuclear power generation is the best performing energy sub-sector, and grew from contributing 0.6 per cent to the country's total grid electricity in 2000 to 4.9 per cent in 2012.
At this time, Pakistan operates Kanupp-I of 100MWe de-rated capacity, and Chasnupp-I and Chasnupp-II of 325MWe each. The construction of Chasnupp-III and Chasnupp-IV, each of 340MWe capacity, was commenced in May 2011 and December 2011, respectively, with Chinese assistance and under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. The two plants are scheduled to begin commercial operations by December 2016 and October 2017, respectively, and have a design life of 40 years.
The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) is developing an extensive infrastructure for advanced engineering, manufacturing, construction and maintenance of nuclear power installations. This includes the integrated engineering, manufacturing and testing facilities for the production of nuclear safety class-2 and class-3 equipment, components and spares since long, based on internationally recognized quality and safety standards. Most recently, this capability has extended to the manufacture the most sophisticated, nuclear safety class-1 equipment.